The Paris Agreement is the world`s first comprehensive climate agreement.  Of the 196 negotiating countries that signed the agreement, 185 parties and the European Union, which accounts for more than 88% of global emissions, have ratified it to date. « Climate justice » has become a well-known collective call in recent years, but what does it really mean? Here we go. The level of the NDC set by each country will determine the objectives of that country. However, the « contributions » themselves are not binding under international law because of the lack of specificity, normative nature or language necessary to establish binding standards.  In addition, there will be no mechanism to compel a country to set a target in its NDC on a specified date and not for an application if a defined target is not achieved in an NDC.   There will be only a « Name and Shame » system  or as UN Deputy Secretary General for Climate Change, J. Pésztor, CBS News (US), a « Name and Encouragement » plan.  Since the agreement has no consequences if countries do not live up to their commitments, such a consensus is fragile. A cattle of nations withdrawing from the agreement could trigger the withdrawal of other governments and lead to the total collapse of the agreement.  In the end, all parties recognized the need to « prevent, minimize and address losses and damages, » but in particular any mention of compensation or liability is excluded.  The Convention also takes up the Warsaw International Loss and Damage Mechanism, an institution that will attempt to answer questions about how to classify, address and co-responsible losses.  On October 5, 2016, when the agreement reached enough signatures to cross the threshold, U.S.
President Barack Obama said, « Even if we achieve all the goals… we will only get to part of where we need to go. He also said that « this agreement will help delay or avoid some of the worst consequences of climate change. » It will help other nations reduce their emissions over time and set bolder goals as technology progresses, all under a strong transparency system that will allow each nation to assess the progress of all other nations.  The objective of the agreement is to reduce global warming as described in Article 2 and to improve the implementation of the UNFCCC through the following measures: As part of the agreement, each country has an individual plan (NDC) to combat its greenhouse gas emissions.