Donald Trump`s offer to help India and Pakistan resolve the Kashmir issue became a major controversy after India rejected the US president`s claim that Prime Minister Narendra Modi had requested it. As the U.S. government tries to downplay Trump`s remarks by calling the Kashmir issue « bilateral » to « discuss India and Pakistan, » the focus has shifted again to previous « bilateral agreements, » whose 1972 Simla Agreement (or Shimla Agreement), signed by then-Indian and Pakistani Prime Ministers Indira Gandhi and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto , for friendly relations between the two countries. Six months after the liberation of Bangladesh, the Simla Agreement was signed on 2 July 1972 by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. It was much more than a peace treaty that tried to reverse the consequences of the 1971 war, that is, to get the withdrawal of troops and the prohibition of thinking. The Shimla Agreement was signed to allow good-neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan; To abandon conflict and focus on building lasting friendship, peace and cooperation between them. Among his failures was the least discussed also his worst. Until all the official recordings of the simla agreement signed on 2 July 1972 are published, we will never know what prompted Indira Gandhi to make such a damaging peace with Pakistan after the 1971 war. The Simla agreement and the subsequent Delhi agreement gave Pakistan everything it wanted: the territory it had lost in India during the war and the safe return of all its soldiers, without one of them being held responsible for the incandescent campaign launched in present-day Bangladesh. This agreement is ratified by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and enters into force from the date of exchange of ratification instruments.  The Simla Agreement was signed on 3 July 1972 in Shimla, the capital of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, between India and Pakistan.  This led to the war of liberation of Bangladesh in 1971, which led to the independence of Bangladesh, formerly known as East Pakistan and part of the territory of Pakistan. India entered the war as an ally of Bangladesh, which turned the war into an Indo-Pakistan war in 1971.
 As part of this agreement, the two nations, India and Pakistan, had agreed to refrain from any threat and violence, in violation of the line of control in Jammu and Kashmir. It was signed with the promise of a mutual commitment to resolve all peace-related issues through the DIRECTE BILATERAL approach. Forty-seven years have passed since India and Pakistan signed the Simla Agreement to peacefully resolve all disputes and problems between the two countries. Shimla Agreement: Donald Trump`s Kashmir claim has become a major controversy because it is contrary to the 1972 Shimla agreement, signed between India and Pakistan. (iv) that the fundamental issues and causes of the conflicts that have affected relations between the two countries over the past 25 years be resolved by peaceful means; This agreement, commonly known as the Simla Pact, was born out of the 1971 war between the two countries over developments in the eastern wing of Pakistan. The aim of the agreement was to define the principles that should govern their future relations. It also provided for measures to be taken to further normalize bilateral relations. Most importantly, it forced the two countries to « resolve their differences through bilateral negotiations by peaceful means. » November 19, 2019 will mark the 102nd anniversary of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
Thirty-five years after her death, she is still considered India`s bravest and most determined leader. His tenure was marked by historic achievements, including the rapid and successful continuation of the war with Pakistan in 1971.